ew countries are as amazing, as forbidden and as diverse as Peru. The third largest country in South America, with 1,285 square kilometers, is more than five times larger than the United Kingdom, twice the size of the city of Texas and is one sixth the size of Australia. It is found in the tropics, south of the equator, three strikingly different geographical areas stand out: the arid Pacific coast, the rugged Andes mountain range and a large portion of the Amazon basin.
Peru is home to innumerable ecosystems and has a spectacular variety of wildlife. It is one of a dozen countries in the world considered ‘megadiverse’. Wildlife enthusiasts find a rainbow of birds in Peru, as well as camelids, freshwater dolphins, butterflies, jaguars, anacondas, macaws and goggles, to name a few.
In recent years, some positive measures are being taken to help protect the environment of the Amazon of Peru. For example, the Peruvian government and private interests within the tourism industry have come together to develop sustainable travel projects in the Amazon. It is a member of the Amazon River Declaration, which requires environmental safeguards to guarantee biodiversity and the development of tourism strategies that combat rural poverty and stimulate sustainable regional development in the Amazon.